|1. J.P. Holland|
Few vehicles have captured the imagination more than that of the submarine. Submarines have been written about in works of science fiction, popular literature, and military tactics for hundreds of years. This week’s artifact in spotlight is a solid brass model of the HMS Holland 1 which was custom built in England.
The first submarine named Holland was designed by John Phillip Holland, an Irish immigrant who owned the John P. Holland Torpedo Boat Company of Elizabeth, New Jersey. J.P. Holland originally built this vessel for the United States Navy. The USS Holland (Submarine Torpedo Boat 1) was launched March 17, 1898 and was officially purchased by the Navy in October of 1900. By that time the Electric Boat Company bought Holland's operation and the submarine’s design was licensed and purchased by the Royal Navy. In 1901 the Royal Navy launched the HMS Holland 1 in Barrows-in-Furness. Both vessels were decommissioned in 1913.
|2. Brass Model of HMS Holland 1|
This brass model, currently on display in the museum's Torpedo Exhibit, was commissioned by Trevor Williamson and dontated to the museum in honor of his grandfather John William Kershaw Pope, who was a crew member of the HMS Holland 1 and Holland 3. Williamson had two other models built for display in England. One of the models is now located in the Royal Navy Submarine Museum along with the original vessel. The other was presented to the city of Derby in honor of Pope, the city's first submariner.
1. Courtesy of the Naval History and Heritage Command
2. Courtesy of the Naval War College Museum